Her sentence, announced in March 2019, has been interpreted by Amnesty International (AI) as a message directed to all the dissidence. She already had a previous 5-year sentence, and the new sentence that Sotoudeh received was an attempt to set an example:38 years of seclusion and 148 lashings.
Sotoudeh, who had previously been incarcerated between 2010 and 2013, has already carried out several hunger strikes as a protest against, among other issues, the conditions lived in Iranian prisons. In her last imprisonment period between August and September 2020, she chose the situation generated in prisons within the Covid-19 situation as the focus of her denouncement, and she reclaimed the release of political prisoners.
The effort she undertook when carrying out a hunger strike for 46 days deteriorated her health to the extent of needing a medical permit that required a couple of weeks outside of prison to recover. Since the beginning of December 2020, the activist is once again incarcerated, even though she had been diagnosed with Covid-19 before she was jailed again.
The persecution against Sotoudeh and her family demonstrates a systematic pattern of repression against the liberty of speech, reunion and association. Amnesty International denounces, amongst other violations of rights, the use of lethal force to deal with protests – withhundreds of murders and thousands of arbitrary detentions, and the intense repression of the movement which fights against the mandatory use of the hijab.